Python File Handling: How to Create, Open, Read, Write

python file handling

Python File Handling: How to Create, Open, Read, Write

Python File Handling is literally a crucial segment in Python Programming Language.  However, File Handling in Python is sincerely simplified with many in-built functionalities, which comprise creating, opening, and closing files.

At the moment when the files are opened, Python further permits executing several file procedures, like reading, writing, and appending details.

Moreover, a comprehensive glimpse at Python File Handling Exercises with practical Examples:

  • Firstly, to sincerely understand the Python Tutorials for Beginners, we need to know more about the Python File Handling Process, in which we should undergo wide processes to learn how to create, open, read, and write varied Python coding commands.
  • In this series, Python offers a crucial feature for reading data from the file and writing info into a proper file.
  • In most programming languages, all the data or values are captured in a few variables that are volatile in quality.
  • Since data would be captured in those variables while only the running time. Ahead, the same datasets would be lost once the program gets completed.  Thus, it is a far better option to secure these datasets completely by utilizing these files.

File Handling in Python

In case you are functioning on a vast software application where that handles a huge amount of data, then it cannot b expected that those datasets to be captured in a variable as all the variables are significantly volatile in nature.  Thus, whenever you are about to address such critical conditions, the prime role of files would enter the scene.

In addition, as the prime files are non-volatile in nature, the datasets will certainly be captured eternally in a supplementary apparatus like Hard Disk, and utilizing Python, it will be pretty much easier to manage these files in the corresponding applications.

Are you thinking about how Python will handle files?

Now, let’s take an instance of how common people will try to handle these files.  In this case, if we want to read the file datasets or are willing to write the data into a proper file, then you sincerely need to open the file, or it will create a fresh file if the file does not live.  Then, you need to perform the casual read/write functions, saving the file and closing it.

Likewise, we perform the same functionalities in Python with the usage of some built-in processes or operations.

Types of Files in Python

There are 2 types of files that can nicely be handled in Python Programming Language, and those are as below:

  • Normal Text Files,
  • Binary Files (written in binary language, 0s, and 1s)

File Handling in Python W3Schools

File handling is quite a crucial segment in any web application.  In addition to this, Python has numerous techniques or functions to create, read, update, and delete various files.  In W3Schools Software, one can nicely do many functionalities to complete many Python File handling operations, such as:

  • Open
  • Red
  • Write
  • Close

Python File Handling Methods

The primary key function for operating with files in Python is the open() function.  In addition to this, the open() function bears two parameters; filename and mode.

Moreover, there are 4 diverse measures (modes) for opening a file:

“r” Read – Default value.  Opens a file for reading; error if the file does not exist
“a” Append – Opens a file for appending, creates the file if it does not exist
“w” Write – Opens a file for writing, creates the file if it does not exist
“x” Create – Creates the specified file and returns an error if the file exists

In addition, you can define if the file should be handled as binary or text mode:

“t” Text – Default value.  Text mode
“b” Binary – Binary mode (e.g., images)
  • Syntax

In order to open a particular file for reading, it is always sufficient to define the file’s name.  Subsequently, for opening a corresponding file for reading purposes, it is necessary to mention the name of the file:

python file handling

However, the code mentioned above is the same as the:

python file handling

Because “r” for reading and “t” for text is the default values, you do not require to define them.

  • Open a File on the Server

Suppose we have the below-mentioned file situated in the same folder as Python:

python file handling

Now, to open the same file, utilize the in-built open() function.

Hence, the open() function reverses a file content that has a read() procedure for reading the content of the file:

python file handling

In case the file is situated in a diverse location, you will undoubtedly have to define the file path, such as this:

python file handling

  • Read Only Parts of the File

With defaulting, the read() process reverses the entire test, but you can also define how many characters you wish to reverse:

python file handling

  • Read Lines

You can simply return one line by utilizing the readline() method:

python file handling

In addition to this, by nicely calling readline() twice, you may read the first two lines:

python file handling

Here, with looping via the file lines, you may read the entire file, line by line:

python file handling

  • Close Files

It is always great to make File Handling in Python Notes, as it’s an even greater exercise to genuinely close the file you have completed your function with it.

python file handling

Note: We are recommending that you should close your files forever; however, in a few cases, due to buffering issues, many modifications made to a particular file might not reveal until you close the file.

Python File Write

It is pretty important, especially for the File Handling in Python Class 12, to Write to a current file.

Moreover, in order to write a current file, you should add a protocol to the open() function, such as:

“a” Append – will append to the end of the file
“w” Write – will overwrite any existing content

python file handling

python file handling

Note: the “w” method will overwrite the entire file.

Other Operations Include:

  1. Rename
  2. Delete
  • Python Rename File

Naming a Module

You can name the module file whatever you like, but it must have the file extension “.py”

  • Re-naming a Module

You can create an alias when you import a module by using the “as” keyword:

Python Delete File

Delete a File

To delete a file, you must import the OS module and run its os. remove() function:

python file handling

Frequently Asked Questions

About Python File Handling: How to Create, Open, Read, Write

1: What is Python file handling?

Python file handling is the process of using varied Python commands for performing diverse functionalities while operating in Python, such as:

  • Open
  • Read
  • Write
  • Close
  • Rename
  • Delete

2: What are the different types of file handling in Python?

There are two types of file handling in Python, mentioned below:

  • Normal Text Files,
  • Binary Files (written in binary language, 0s, and 1s)

3: What are the steps of file handling in Python?

There can be many steps in a single command while doing Python File Handling.  If you wish to know more about these things, then you can study this blog post from start to finish.

4: How do you create a file and handling in Python?

In Python File Handling, the “x” command is highly used to create a new file.

5: Which language is best for file handling?

Many programming languages in the world are nicely used for file-handling purposes.  However, if you ask us, we recommend you choose Python File Handling processes due to its easy commands and syntaxes used worldwide.

6: What are types of file handling?

Diverse operations could be executed on a file as follows:

  • Creating a fresh file (fopen with attributes as “a” or “a+” or “w” or “w+”)
  • Open a current file (fopen)
  • Read from a file (fscanf or fgets)
  • Writing to a file (fprintf or fputs)
  • Moving to a specific location in a file (fseek, rewind)
  • Closing a file (fclose)

7: What are the 4 types of file systems?

Types of file systems:

  • Disk file systems
  • Flash file systems
  • Tape file systems
  • Database file systems

8: What are the 3 types of file tools?

There are 3 general classifications of tooth form, such as:

  • Single-cut,
  • Double-cut, and


So far, we have tried to give all the necessary Python File Handling commands and syntaxes.  In another regard, Craw Security, the Python Programming Institute in India, offers a world-class, Govt. of India-approved Python Programming Course, accredited by FutureSkills Prime, a MeitY – NASSCOM digital skilling initiative.


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