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Hacker is someone who can break into a computer network for a challenge or for fun to steal away money and information. Some intentions are good but most of them are to snatch away the important data. Read on to know more about different types of hackers.
- White hacker
Also known as Ethical hackers. They are trained professionals of the cyber world. They will help secure the system, find out vulnerabilities and manage to keep the system up to date. They will never harm the system but will work towards securing the data. Most of the white hat hackers are a college graduate in IT security or computer science and are certified as an Ethical Hacker. The most popular certification course is Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) from EC-Council.
Many companies hire a certified ethical hacker to learn more about that own system and safeguard the computer data from any black hat hacker.
- Black hacker
The black hat hackers are also known as crackers. They hack in order to retrieve information which is unlawful to them but take access anyway. They illegally break into the computer system to steal the information which is worth money. They would find companies with weak security system and steal money, credit card information or other important data which can be useful.
- Script kiddie
An amateur/non-expert who doesn’t know much about hacking. They use the code or packaged automated tools downloaded from the internet for hacking. With the little understanding from the internet, they are named as the kiddie. The usual route which a script kiddie is to attack DDoS (Denial of Service and Distributed Denial of Service) where they will crowd the IP address in order to crash the computer system with overload.
4. Miscellaneous Hacker
- Gray Hat
An amalgamation of white hat and black hat hacker, a gray hat hacker will do the hacking without the permission of the owner of the system. The gray hat hacker will expose all the vulnerabilities of the computer system like a white hat hacker but in order to fix that a reward or monetary transaction is asked like a black hat hacker. This category are a perfect example of the hackers who take advantage of their knowledge to get a token of appreciation as a monetary reward.
- Green Hat
A precursor to the script kiddie usually called as newbie or neophyte. A green hat hacker is totally new to the hacking world. With almost no knowledge or experience of the IT industry or hacking, these hackers are learning the way up slowly and gradually with a keen interest in hacking.
- Red Hat
The police of the hacking world. They are a white hacker to stop the black hat hacker. With their skills and knowledge of the IT security, red hat hackers will put their best foot forward to stop the black hat hacker. They will shut down the system by penetrating the black hat hacker system and uploading a virus, intending to destroy the computer system.
- Blue Hat
A person who doesn’t belong to the computer system or an IT security background who can easily bug-test a system before its launch. Like a hacker, they will look for loophole or vulnerabilities and try to fix it before the launch. Microsoft uses the term Blue hat to serve for the security briefing events.
A person who wants to fetch attention by hacking a system or a website by putting a social, religious, political message in an obvious non-ethical way. The prime focus of a hacktivist to grab the attention of the public to the notice.
A phreaker will hack the telecom network illegally to make calls without paying for them.